What Are Common Disabilities?

What is the most common type of special needs?

Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech and/or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities..

What causes a learning disability?

A learning disability happens when a person’s brain development is affected, either before they’re born, during their birth or in early childhood. This can be caused by things such as: the mother becoming ill in pregnancy. problems during the birth that stop enough oxygen getting to the brain.

What is special learning disability?

Definition: Specific Learning Disability means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations, including …

What is the Number 1 disability?

Nearly 1 In 7 People On Earth Is Disabled, Survey Finds : Shots – Health News : NPR. Nearly 1 In 7 People On Earth Is Disabled, Survey Finds : Shots – Health News Worldwide, the most common disability for people under age 60 is depression, followed by hearing and visual problems, according to a new international survey …

What are the 3 most common disabilities?

Common DisabilitiesAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Learning Disabilities.Mobility Disabilities.Medical Disabilities.Psychiatric Disabilities.Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Visual Impairments.Deaf and Hard of Hearing.More items…

What is a disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).

What are the 7 main types of learning disabilities?

In particular, psychology professionals should study these seven learning disabilities:Dyslexia. … Dysgraphia. … Dyscalculia. … Auditory processing disorder. … Language processing disorder. … Nonverbal learning disabilities. … Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit.

What are the top 5 learning disabilities?

Dyslexia. Dyslexia is probably the number one learning disorder auditory processing, visual processing disorders may have trouble that affects children and adults. … ADHD. Did you know that over 6 million children are diagnosed with paying Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? … Dyscalculia. … Dysgraphia. … Dyspraxia.

What are common disabilities for children?

Types of Developmental DisabilitiesAutism.Cerebral palsy.Chromosome abnormalities such as trisomies.Down syndrome.Fetal alcohol and drug-related syndromes.Fragile X syndrome.Genetic disorders.Intellectual disabilities.More items…

What are 4 hidden disabilities?

Hidden / Invisible DisabilitiesPsychiatric Disabilities—Examples include major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, etc.Traumatic Brain Injury.Epilepsy.HIV/AIDS.Diabetes.Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.Cystic Fibrosis.More items…

What is the most common disability in students?

Dyslexia. Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. … ADHD. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point. … Dyscalculia. Math is another major area of concern when it comes to learning disabilities. … Dysgraphia. … Processing Deficits.

What is the most common disability?

The most common disability type, mobility, affects 1 in 7 adults. With age, disability becomes more common, affecting about 2 in 5 adults age 65 and older.

What are the 21 types of disabilities?

21 Types of DisabilitiesBlindness.Low-vision.Leprosy Cured Persons.Hearing Impairment.Locomotor Disability.Dwarfism.Intellectual Disability.Mental Illness.More items…

What are the top 10 disabilities?

Top 10 Diagnostic GroupsCirculatory system: 8.3 percent. … Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders: 4.8 percent.Intellectual disability: 4.1 percent. … Injuries: 4.0 percent. … Other mental disorders: 3.9 percent. … Organic mental disorders: 3.4 percent. … Endocrine disorders: 3.3 percent.More items…•Mar 20, 2018

What qualifies as a learning disability?

Learning disabilities are due to genetic and/or neurobiological factors that alter brain functioning in a manner which affects one or more cognitive processes related to learning. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math.

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